Provitamin A carotenoid content of unripe and ripe banana cultivars for potential adoption in eastern Africa uri icon

abstract

  • Changes in concentrations and retention of provitamin A carotenoids during ripening of eight non-indigenous banana (Musa spp.) cultivars on trial for possible adoption in eastern Africa were established through high performance liquid chromatography analysis. Predominant provitamin A carotenoids were all-trans-?- and ?-carotene, together constituting about 90% of total provitamin A carotenoids content. Mean total provitamin A carotenoids ranged from 560 to 4680 ?g/100 g fw) in unripe fruit and from 1680 to 10630 ?g/100 g fw) in ripe fruit. All cultivars showed significantly higher provitamin A carotenoid levels than popular local cultivars of the same genomic group and type. Cultivars? retinol activity equivalent (RAE) values when ripe ranged from 106 to 713 ?g/100 g fw, indicating that 100 g of ripe ?Lahi?, ?Apantu?, ?Bira?, ?To?o?, ?Sepi? and ?HungTu? fruit contain enough provitamin A carotenoids to meet >100% of the dietary reference intakes (DRIs) of a child under 5 years of age, and between 15% and 102% for a woman of reproductive age. Although further studies need to be carried out to establish retention following processing and bioavailability, these findings can guide consumer consumption patterns to maximize vitamin A intake in banana-dependent regions and direct researchers in selecting banana cultivars that help prevent vitamin A deficiency
  • Changes in concentrations and retention of provitamin A carotenoids during ripening of eight non-indigenous banana (Musa spp.) cultivars on trial for possible adoption in eastern Africa were established through high performance liquid chromatography analysis. Predominant provitamin A carotenoids were all-trans-beta- and alpha-carotene, together constituting about 90% of total provitamin A carotenoids content. Mean total provitamin A carotenoids ranged from 560 to 4680 mu g/100 g fw) in unripe fruit and from 1680 to 10630 mu g/100 g fw) in ripe fruit. All cultivars showed significantly higher provitamin A carotenoid levels than popular local cultivars of the same genomic group and type. Cultivars' retinal activity equivalent (RAE) values when ripe ranged from 106 to 713 mu g/100 g fw, indicating that 100 g of ripe 'Lahi', 'Apantu', 'Bira', 'To'o', 'Sepi' and 'HungTu' fruit contain enough provitamin A carotenoids to meet >100% of the dietary reference intakes (DRIs) of a child under 5 years of age, and between 15% and 102% for a woman of reproductive age. Although further studies need to be carried out to establish retention following processing and bioavailability, these findings can guide consumer consumption patterns to maximize vitamin A intake in banana-dependent regions and direct researchers in selecting banana cultivars that help prevent vitamin A deficiency. (C) 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

publication date

  • 2015
  • 2015
  • 2015
  • 2015