Characterization of segregation distortion on chromosome 3 induced in wide hybridization between indica and japonica type rice varieties uri icon

abstract

  • We previously surveyed chromosomal regions showing segregation distortion of RFLP markers in the F-2 population from the cross between a japonica type variety 'Nipponbare' and an indica type variety 'Milyang23', and showed that the most skewed segregation appeared on the short arm of chromosome 3. By comparison with the marker loci where distortion factors were previously identified, this region was assumed to be a gametophytic selection-2 (ga2) gene region. To evaluate this region, two near isogenic lines (NILs) were developed. One NIL had the 'Nipponbare' segment of this region on the genetic background of 'Milyang23' (NIL9-23), and the other NIL had the 'Milyang23' segment on the genetic background of 'Nipponbare' (NIL33-18). NIL9-23 and 'Milyang23', NIL33-18 and 'Nipponbare', and 'Nipponbare' and 'Milyang23' were respectively crossed to produce F-1 and F-2 populations. The F-1 plants of NIL9-23 x 'Milyang23' and NIL33-18 x 'Nipponbare' showed high seed fertility and the same pollen fertility as their parental cultivars, indicating that ga2 does not reduce seed and pollen fertility. Segregation ratio of a molecular marker on the ga2 region in the three F-2 populations was investigated to clarify whether segregation distortion occurred on the different genetic backgrounds. Segregation distortion of the ga2 region appeared in the both F-2 populations from the NIL9-23 and 'Milyang23' cross (background was 'Milyang23' homozygote) and the 'Nipponbare' and 'Milyang23' cross (background was heterozygote), but did not in the F-2 population from the NIL33-18 and 'Nipponbare' cross (background was 'Nipponbare' homozygote). This result indicates that ga2 interacts with a 'Milyang23' allele(s) on the different chromosomal region(s) to cause skewed segregation of the ga2 region. In addition, segregation ratio was the same between the F-2 populations from NIL9-23 x 'Milyang23' and 'Nipponbare' x 'Milyang23' crosses, suggesting that the both genotypes, 'Milyang23' homozygote and heterozygote, of gene(s) located on the different chromosomal region(s) have the same effect on the segregation distortion.

publication date

  • 2003
  • 2003