Metagenomic Insights into Rhizospheric Microbiome Profiling in Lentil Cultivars Unveils Differential Microbial Nitrogen and Phosphorus Metabolism under Rice-Fallow Ecology. uri icon

abstract

  • The plant rhizosphere interfaces an array of microbiomes related to plant growth and development. Cultivar-specific soil microbial communities with respect to their taxonomic structure and specific function have not been investigated explicitly in improving the adaptation of lentil cultivars under rice-fallow ecology. The present study was carried out to decipher the rhizosphere microbiome assembly of two lentil cultivars under rice-fallow ecology for discerning the diversity of microbial communities and for predicting the function of microbiome genes related to nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) cycling processes deploying high-throughput whole (meta) genome sequencing. The metagenome profile of two cultivars detected variable microbiome composition with discrete metabolic activity. Cyanobacteria, Bacteroidetes, Proteobacteria, Gemmatimonadetes, and Thaumarchaeota were abundant phyla in the "Farmer-2" rhizosphere, whereas Actinobacteria, Acidobacteria, Firmicutes, Planctomycetes, Chloroflexi, and some incompletely described procaryotes of the "Candidatus" category were found to be robustly enriched the rhizosphere of "Moitree". Functional prediction profiles of the microbial metagenomes between two cultivars revealed mostly house keeping genes with general metabolism. Additionally, the rhizosphere of "Moitree" had a high abundance of genes related to denitrification processes. Significant difference was observed regarding P cycling genes between the cultivars. "Moitree" with a profuse root system exhibited better N fixation and translocation ability due to a good "foraging strategy" for improving acquisition of native P under the nutrient depleted rice-fallow ecology. However, "Farmer-2" revealed a better "mining strategy" for enhancing P solubilization and further transportation to sinks. This study warrants comprehensive research for explaining the role of microbiome diversity and cultivar-microbe interactions towards stimulating microbiome-derived soil reactions regarding nutrient availability under rice-fallow ecology.

publication date

  • 2020
  • 2020