Identification of sources of resistance to common bacterial blight in common bean in Ethiopia uri icon

abstract

  • Common bacterial blight (CBB) caused byXanthomonas axonopodispv.phaseoliandX. axonopodispv.phaseolivar.fuscansis one of the major biotic constraints limiting common bean (Phaseolus vulgarisL.) production and productivity in Ethiopia. The objective of this study was to identify new sources of CBB resistance from a diverse panel of genotypes to develop CBB-resistant common bean varieties. One hundred and ten diverse accessions were evaluated for CBB resistance at three hotspot sites (Melkassa, Arsi Negelle and Mieso) for two seasons (2017 and 2018) in Ethiopia. Data on mean disease severity on leaf (SL) and mean disease severity on pod (SP), the area under disease progress curve (AUDPC), number of pods per plant (PP), number of seeds per pod (SPP) and grain yield (GY) were collected. Data were subjected to standard analysis of variance and principal component analysis. The genotype x site interaction (G x E) had significant (p < .05) effect on all assessed traits. This indicated the presence of marked variation among tested genotypes in CBB resistance across the testing sites. Genotypes including SEC21, SEC23, SMC21, VAX6, SEC12, SEC25, SMC22, VAX5, SEC20, SEC22, SEC24, SEC26, SMC16 SMC24, VAX6, SEC25, SEC21, SEC23 and SMC21 exhibited lower values of SL, SP and AUDPC which are useful genetic resources for future CBB resistance breeding programmes. Nasir provided a grain yield of 3.45 ton/ha followed by VAX1 (2.86 ton/ha) and Hawassa Dume (2.83 ton/ha). Further, CBB-resistant and high yielding genotypes had the higher PPP and SPP making them ideal candidates for common bean breeding in Ethiopia or similar agro-ecologies emphasizing CBB resistance and enhanced agronomic traits.

publication date

  • 2020
  • 2020