Comparisons of sampling methods for assessing intra- and inter-accession genetic diversity in three rice species using genotyping by sequencing uri icon

abstract

  • To minimize the cost of sample preparation and genotyping, most genebank genomics studies in self-pollinating species are conducted on a single individual to represent an accession, which may be heterogeneous with larger than expected intra-accession genetic variation. Here, we compared various population genetics parameters among six DNA (leaf) sampling methods on 90 accessions representing a wild species (O. barthii), cultivated and landraces (O. glaberrima, O. sativa), and improved varieties derived through interspecific hybridizations. A total of 1,527 DNA samples were genotyped with 46,818 polymorphic single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) using DArTseq. Various statistical analyses were performed on eleven datasets corresponding to 5 plants per accession individually and in a bulk (two sets), 10 plants individually and in a bulk (two sets), all 15 plants individually (one set), and a randomly sampled individual repeated six times (six sets). Overall, we arrived at broadly similar conclusions across 11 datasets in terms of SNP polymorphism, heterozygosity/heterogeneity, diversity indices, concordance among genetic dissimilarity matrices, population structure, and genetic differentiation; there were, however, a few discrepancies between some pairs of datasets. Detailed results of each sampling method, the concordance in their outputs, and the technical and cost implications of each method were discussed.

publication date

  • 2020
  • 2020