Quantitative Trait Loci Mapping for Spot Blotch Resistance in Two Biparental Mapping Populations of Bread Wheat. uri icon

abstract

  • Spot blotch (SB), caused by Bipolaris sorokiniana, is a major fungal disease of wheat in South Asia and South America. Two biparental mapping populations with 232 F-2:7 progenies each were generated, with CIMMYT breeding lines CASCABEL and KATH as resistant parents and CIANO T79 as the common susceptible parent. The two populations were evaluated for field SB resistance in CIMMYT's Agua Fria station for three consecutive cropping seasons, with artificial inoculation. Genotyping was done with the DArTseq platform and approximately 1,500 high quality and nonredundant markers were used for quantitative trait loci (QTL) mapping. In both populations, a major QTL was found on chromosome 5A in the Vrn-A1 region, explaining phenotypic variations of 13.5 to 25.9%, which turned up to be less- or nonsignificant when days to heading and plant height were used as covariates in the analysis, implying a disease escape mechanism. Another major QTL was located on chromosome 5B in CASCABEL, accounting for 8.9 to 21.4% of phenotypic variation. Minor QTL were found on 4A and 4B in CASCABEL; 1B, 4B, and 4D in KATH; and 1B, 2B, and 4B in CIANO T79. Through an analysis of QTL projection onto the IWGSC Chinese Spring reference genome, the 5B QTL in CASCABEL was mapped in the Sb2 region, delimited by the single nucleotide polymorphism marker wsnp_Ku_c50354_55979952 and the simple sequence repeat marker gwm213, with a physical distance of about 14 Mb to the Tsn1 locus.

publication date

  • 2020
  • 2020