Superior haplotypes for haplotype‐based breeding for drought tolerance in pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan L.) uri icon

abstract

  • Haplotype-based breeding, a recent promising breeding approach to develop tailor-made crop varieties, deals with identification of superior haplotypes and their deployment in breeding programmes. In this context, whole genome re-sequencing data of 292 genotypes from pigeonpea reference set were mined to identify the superior haplotypes for 10 drought-responsive candidate genes. A total of 83, 132 and 60 haplotypes were identified in breeding lines, landraces and wild species, respectively. Candidate gene-based association analysis of these 10 genes on a subset of 137 accessions of the pigeonpea reference set revealed 23 strong marker-trait associations (MTAs) in five genes influencing seven drought-responsive component traits.Haplo-phenoanalysis for the strongly associated genes resulted in the identification of most promising haplotypes for three genes regulating five component drought traits. The haplotypeC. cajan_23080-H2 for plant weight (PW), fresh weight (FW) and turgid weight (TW), the haplotypeC. cajan_30211-H6 for PW, FW, TW and dry weight (DW), the haplotypeC. cajan_26230-H11 for FW and DW and the haplotypeC. cajan_26230-H5 for relative water content (RWC) were identified as superior haplotypes under drought stress condition. Furthermore, 17 accessions containing superior haplotypes for three drought-responsive genes were identified. The identified superior haplotypes and the accessions carrying these superior haplotypes will be very useful for deployinghaplotype-based breedingto develop next-generation tailor-made better drought-responsive pigeonpea cultivars.

publication date

  • 2020
  • 2020