Seedling and adult stage resistance to net form of net blotch (NFNB) in spring barley and stability of adult stage resistance to NFNB in Morocco uri icon

abstract

  • This study was conducted to identify stable resistance to net form of net blotch (NFNB) in spring barley in Moroccan environments. Seedling resistance to NFNB was evaluated by inoculating 336 barley genotypes with two NFNB isolates LDNH04Ptt-19 and TD-10 in the greenhouse. These genotypes were evaluated for adult plant resistance to NFNB under seven environments in Morocco in 2015 and 2016. The disease severity was estimated at GS 77-87 on barley leaves using a double-digit scale. To investigate stability of resistance, 149 barley genotypes were subjected to AMMI analysis. At the seedling stage, differential responses of barley genotypes to different NFNB isolates were identified, whereas genotypes had variable stability to NFNB resistance at the adult stages. Five genotypes, AM-68, AM-95, AM-250, AM-267 and AM-322, were resistant to both NFNB isolates at the seedling stage. There were significant (p < .001) effects of genotype (G) and G x E interaction on NFNB severity for barley genotypes at the adult stage. The principal components, IPCA1 and IPCA2, accounted for 48.4% and 18.7% variation for NFNB severity, respectively. The AMMI stability values (ASVs) ranged from 0.01 to 15.5, and fifty-nine barley genotypes had stable responses (ASV <= 0.05) across all seven environments. Specifically, two stable genotypes, AM-187 and AM-244, had lower mean NFNB severities across all environments, suggesting a quantitative resistance in these genotypes. Divergent environmental responses of NFNB severity were measured in Sidi El Ayedi 2015 and Sidi Allal Tazi 2016, suggesting that these environments may be suitable to capture resistance to diverse pathotypes. These stable genotypes are valuable resources for introgression of both qualitative resistance and quantitative resistance to NFNB in future.

publication date

  • 2020
  • 2020