Diatom mediated heavy metal remediation: A review. uri icon

abstract

  • Exposure to heavy metals is a major threat to aquatic bodies and is a global concern to our four main spheres of the earth viz. atmosphere, biosphere, hydrosphere, and lithosphere. The biosorption of pollutants using naturally inspired sources like microalgae has considerable advantages. Diatoms are the most dominant and diverse group of phytoplankton which accounts for 45% oceanic primary productivity. They perform a pioneer part in the biogeochemistry of metals in both fresh and marine water ecosystems. The diatoms play a significant role in degradation, speciation, and detoxification of chemical wastes and hazardous metals from polluted sites. Herein, an overview is presented about the ability of diatom algae to phycoremediate heavy metals by passive adsorption and active assimilation from their aqueous environments with an emphasis on extracellular and intracellular mechanisms involved in contaminant uptake through the frustules for preventing heavy metal toxicity.

publication date

  • 2020
  • 2020