Effects of Hypoxia on 13NH4+ Fluxes in Rice Roots. Kinetics and compartmental analysis Kinetics and Compartmental Analysis uri icon

abstract

  • Techniques of compartmental (efflux) and kinetic influx analyses with the radiotracer (NH4+)-N-13 were used to examine the adaptation to hypoxia (15, 35, and 50% O-2 saturation) of root N uptake and metabolism in 3-week-old hydroponically grown rice (Oryza sativa L., cv IR72) seedlings. A time-dependence study of NH4+ influx into rice roots after onset of hypoxia (15% O-2) revealed an initial increase in the first 1 to 2.5 h after treatment imposition, followed by a decline to less than 50% of influx in control plants by 4 d. Efflux analyses conducted 0, 1, 3, and 5 d after the treatment confirmed this adaptation pattern of NH4+ uptake. Half-lives for NH4+ exchange with subcellular compartments, cytoplasmic NH4+ concentrations, and efflux (as percentage of influx) were unaffected by hypoxia. However, significant differences were observed in the relative amounts of N allocated to NH4+ assimilation and the vacuole versus translocation to the shoot. Kinetic experiments conducted at 100, 50, 35, and 15% O-2 saturation showed no significant change in the K-m value for NH4+ uptake with varying O-2 supply. However, V-max was 42% higher than controls at 50% O-2 saturation, unchanged at 35%, and 10% lower than controls at 15% O-2. The significance of these flux adaptations is discussed.

publication date

  • 1998
  • 1998
  • 1998