Multi-Locus Genome Wide Association Mapping for Yield and Its Contributing Traits in Hexaploid Wheat under Different Water Regimes.
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Multi-locus genome wide association study was undertaken using a set of 320 diverse spring wheat accessions, which were each genotyped for 9,626 SNPs. The association panel was grown in replicated trials in four environments [two each in irrigated (IR) and rainfed (RF) environments], and phenotypic data were recorded for five traits including days to heading, days to maturity, plant height, thousand grain weight and grain yield. Forty-six significant marker-trait associations (MTAs) were identified for five traits. These included 20 MTAs in IR and 19 MTAs in RF environments; seven additional MTAs were common to both the environments. Five of these MTAs were co-localized with previously known QTL/MTAs and the remaining MTAs were novel and add to the existing knowledge. Three desirable haplotypes for agronomic traits, one for improvement in RF environment and two for improvement in IR environment were identified. Eighteen (18) promising candidate genes (CGs) involved in seven different biological activities were also identified. The expression profiles of four (Trehalose-6-Phosphate, APETALA2/Ethylene-responsive factor, DNA-binding One Zinc Finger and Gibberellin-dioxygenases) of the 18 genes showed that they were induced by drought stress in the wheat seedlings. The MTAs, haplotypes and CG-based markers may be used in marker-assisted breeding for drought tolerance in wheat.
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