Genome-wide analysis of mammary gland shows modulation of transcriptome landscape with alternative splice variants in Staphylococcus aureus mastitis in mice uri icon

abstract

  • Epidemiological mapping shows Staphylococcus aureus to be the leading mastitis causing pathogen in India with diverse genetic lineages circulating in the dairy cattle population. We previously reported that endemic clonal strains of S. aureus isolated from subclinical mastitis lead to specific alteration of epigenetic modulators resulting in deviating immune response in intramammary infection mouse model. However, the extent of transcriptome modulation and associated alternative splicing in S. aureus mastitis is poorly understood. Hence, to gain a deeper insight of the extent of modulation of transcriptome landscape, we expanded the study here using high throughput, paired-end RNA sequencing analysis of the mouse mammary gland inoculated with three strains of S. aureus (SA1, SA2, and SA3) possessing specific genotype, virulence and enterotoxin traits. Overall, we detected 35,878 transcripts in S. aureus inoculated mammary gland, 23% more than those annotated in the reference genome. Expression of 20,756 transcripts was > 1 fragment per kilobase of transcript per million mapped fragments and 25.95% of multi-exonic genes were alternatively spliced. We noted Alternative Splicing (AS) events for > 100 immune-related genes. S. aureus infection quantitatively altered AS events in mice mammary gland. Collectively, the majority of differentially expressed significant genes clustered into immune-associated, cell adhesion and metabolic process categories. We observed AS events for 379 transcripts of genes putatively encoding several splicing associated proteins and transcription factors besides inflammatory mediators. The present analysis provides new insights into global transcriptome landscape and AS events in host-defense related genes in response to S. aureus intramammary infection, suggesting the need for studies focusing on multi-target and/or network therapeutics approach to combat mastitis.

publication date

  • 2020
  • 2020