Efficiency of a Constrained Linear Genomic Selection Index To Predict the Net Genetic Merit in Plants. uri icon

abstract

  • The constrained linear genomic selection index (CLGSI) is a linear combination of genomic estimated breeding values useful for predicting the net genetic merit, which in turn is a linear combination of true unobservable breeding values of the traits weighted by their respective economic values. The CLGSI is the most general genomic index and allows imposing constraints on the expected genetic gain per trait to make some traits change their mean values based on a predetermined level, while the rest of them remain without restrictions. In addition, it includes the unconstrained linear genomic index as a particular case. Using two real datasets and simulated data for seven selection cycles, we compared the theoretical results of the CLGSI with the theoretical results of the constrained linear phenotypic selection index (CLPSI). The criteria used to compare CLGSI vs. CLPSI efficiency were the estimated expected genetic gain per trait values, the selection response, and the interval between selection cycles. The results indicated that because the interval between selection cycles is shorter for the CLGSI than for the CLPSI, CLGSI is more efficient than CLPSI per unit of time, but its efficiency could be lower per selection cycle. Thus, CLGSI is a good option for performing genomic selection when there are genotyped candidates for selection.

publication date

  • 2019
  • 2019