Genotyping-by-sequencing based QTL mapping for rice grain yield under reproductive stage drought stress tolerance.
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QTLs for rice grain yield under reproductive stage drought stress (qDTY) identified earlier with low density markers have shown linkage drag and need to be fine mapped before their utilization in breeding programs. In this study, genotyping-by-sequencing (GBS) based high-density linkage map of rice was developed using two BC1F3 mapping populations namely Swarna*2/Dular (3929 SNPs covering 1454.68 cM) and IR11N121*2/Aus196 (1191 SNPs covering 1399.68 cM) with average marker density of 0.37 cM to 1.18 cM respectively. In total, six qDTYQTLs including three consistent effect QTLs were identified in Swarna*2/Dular while eight qDTYQTLs including two consistent effect QTLs were identified in IR11N121*2/Aus 196 mapping population. Comparative analysis revealed four stable and novel QTLs (qDTY(2.4), qDTY(3.3), qDTY(6.3), and qDTY(11.)(2)) which explained 8.62 to 14.92% PVE. However, one of the identified stable grain yield QTL gDTY(1.1)( )in both the populations was located nearly at the same physical position of an earlier mapped major qDTY QTL. Further, the effect of the identified qDTY(1.1) was validated in a subset of lines derived from five mapping populations confirming robustness of qDTY(1.1) across various genetic backgrounds/seasons. The study successfully identified stable grain yield QTLs free from undesirable linkages of tall plant height/early maturity utilizing high density linkage maps.
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