Evaluation of N fertilization management strategies for increasing crop yields and nitrogen use efficiency in furrow-irrigated maize–wheat system under permanent raised bed planting uri icon

abstract

  • Information on the effect of N management on crop yields and N use efficiency (NUE) under furrow irrigations is scarce for conservation agriculture (CA)-based annual maize-wheat (MW) system in South Asia. A 2-year (2013-2015) field experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of residue management in main plots and combinations of two rates and three methods of N fertilizer application plus no N control treatment in subplots on the yield, N uptake and NUE of permanent raised bed (PB) MW system in north-western India. Residue retained on surface significantly increased grain yields by 7.7% and 4.3% in maize and wheat compared to no residue, respectively. Results showed that while uniformly broadcast method (B) required 120 kg N ha(-1), similar maize and wheat yields can be achieved with 90 kg N ha(-1) using deep placement on beds (DB) thereby saving 30 kg N ha(-1). DB increased maize yield by 5.4% and 10.9% compared with DF and B, respectively. In wheat, DB and DF significantly increased grain yield by 4-7% compared to B. At 120 kg N ha(-1), NUE of 61% and 74% with B was increased to 73% and 98% with DB in wheat and maize, respectively.

publication date

  • 2020
  • 2020