Parasitoids of chickpea leafminer Liriomyza cicerina (Diptera: Agromyzidae) and their parasitism rate on chickpea fields in North Tunisia uri icon

abstract

  • In recent years, as a consequence of climatic changes, the leafminer Liriomyza cicerina had emerged as a serious pest in chickpea crops causing considerable damage in Tunisia. Thus, the search of control methods is necessary. The aim of this research was to monitor and identify the naturally occurring parasitoids of the chickpea leaf miner Liriomyza cicerina in insecticide-free chickpea-growing areas located in North-Western Tunisia. Chickpea leaves with mines were weekly sampled from Beja and Kef sites during 2016 and 2017 and kept to observe and count emerging leafminer and parasitoid adults in the laboratory. Results revealed that L. cicerina parasitoids complex species included three hymenopteran parasitoids namely Opius monilicornis (Fisher, 1962) (Braconidae); Diglyphus isaea (Walker, 1838) (Eulophidae) and Diaulinopsis arenaria (Erdos, 1951) (Eulophidae). These parasitoids were identified and recorded for the first time in Tunisia on L. cicerina with parasitism rate varied between 13% and 52.5%. The most common species was O. monilicornis. The correlation between infestation rate on chickpea plants and number of emerged three parasitoids was calculated revealing high significant and positive correlations. The diversity index (H') was also calculated. The three parasitoids were found in two sites Beja and Kef; while the diversity differed during the developmental stage of chickpea crops.

publication date

  • 2018
  • 2018