Identification of novel recessive gene xa44(t) conferring resistance to bacterial blight races in rice by QTL linkage analysis using an SNP chip.
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Key messageUsing QTL analysis and fine mapping, the novel recessive gene xa44(t) conferring resistance to BB was identified and the expression level of the gene was confirmed through qRT-PCR analysis.AbstractBacterial blight (BB) disease caused by Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae (Xoo) is a major factor causing rice yield loss in most rice-cultivating countries, especially in Asia. The deployment of cultivars with resistance to BB is the most effective method to control the disease. However, the evolution of new Xoo or pathotypes altered by single-gene-dependent mutations often results in breakdown of resistance. Thus, efforts to identify novel R-genes with sustainable BB resistance are urgently needed. In this study, we identified three quantitative trait loci (QTLs) on chromosomes 1, 4, and 11, from an F-2 population of 493 individuals derived from a cross between IR73571-3B-11-3-K3 and Ilpum using a 7K SNP chip. Of these QTLs, one major QTL, qBB_11, on chromosome 11 explained 61.58% of the total phenotypic variance in the population, with an LOD value of 113.59, based on SNPs 11964077 and 11985463. The single major R-gene, with recessive gene action, was designated xa44(t) and was narrowed down to a 120-kb segment flanked within 28.00 Mbp to 28.12 Mbp. Of nine ORFs present in the target region, two ORFs revealed significantly different expression levels of the candidate genes. These candidate genes (Os11g0690066 and Os11g0690466) are described as serine/threonine protein kinase domain containing protein and hypothetical protein, respectively. The results will be useful to further understand BB resistance mechanisms and provide new sources of resistance, together with DNA markers for MAS breeding to improve BB resistance in rice.
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