Alternate phenotype–genotype selection for developing superior high-yielding irrigated rice lines uri icon

abstract

  • Increase grain yield potential is one of the most important objectives of any cereal crop breeding program. To efficiently develop superior rice lines by the introgression of favorable alleles for yield and yield component traits, a strategy of alternate phenotype-genotype selection was used. The present study aimed to (i) investigate the allelic diversity of loci associated with major yield-component traits and (ii) phenotype and genotype advanced populations derived from crosses between NERICA-L-20 and Giza178 for yield component traits using agro-morphological descriptors and GRiSP polymorphic markers to select superior high-yielding rice lines. A total of 100 F-2:3 progeny were selected from 1000 F-2 plants and genotyped with 16 polymorphic markers linked to four major yield-component traits. Four promising F-2:3 lines (ARS 563-14, ARS 563-62, ARS 563-286, and ARS 563-41) bearing combinations of desirable alleles were selected. A selected set of 20 F-2:4 lines showed moderate to high heritability for all target traits. Fourteen F-2:5 lines derived from ARS 563-14 and 17 F-2:5 from ARS 563-286 families were evaluated in preliminary trials to estimate yield gain. The three top lines, ARS 563-286-16-1-1, ARS 563-286-5-1-1, and ARS 563-14-10-1-1, showed an increase of more than 10% grain yield over the best check, Sahel 108, which is widely cultivated in the Senegal River valley. The 16 markers linked to the target yield component traits can be used to fast-track breeding programs targeting rice productivity. (C) 2017 "Crop Science Society of China and Institute of Crop Science, CAAS". Production and hosting by Elsevier B.V. on behalf of KeAi Communications Co., Ltd.

publication date

  • 2018
  • 2017