Agricultural Transformation in Africa? Assessing the Evidence in Ethiopia uri icon

abstract

  • Despite significant efforts, Africa has struggled to imitate the rapid agricultural growth that took place in Asia in the 1960s and 1970s. As a rare but important exception, Ethiopia's agriculture sector recorded remarkable rapid growth during 2004-14. This paper explores this rapid change in the agriculture sector of this important country - the second most populous in Africa. We review the evidence on agricultural growth and decompose the contributions of modern inputs to growth using an adjusted Solow decomposition model. We also highlight the key pathways Ethiopia followed to achieve its agricultural growth. We find that land and labor use expanded significantly and total factor productivity grew by about 2.3% per year over the study period. Moreover, modern input use more than doubled, explaining some of this growth. The expansion in modern input use appears to have been driven by high government expenditures on the agriculture sector, including agricultural extension, but also by an improved road network, higher rural education levels, and favorable international and local price incentives. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

publication date

  • 2018
  • 2017