Energy efficiency improvement opportunities and associated greenhouse gas abatement costs for the residential sector
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Despite improvements, the residential sector is one of most energy-intensive sectors in the world and is the third largest consumer of energy across Canada, and in Alberta in particular. This study investigates opportunities to improve energy efficiency and reduce greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) in the residential sector. A case study for Alberta is conducted. Energy modeling and scenario analyses are used to project future energy savings and greenhouse gas mitigation potential in the residential sector. Seventeen energy-saving options are identified in different residential subsectors, including space heating and cooling, water heating, appliances, and lighting. The long-term impacts (i.e., from 2013 to 2050) of these technologies in terms of energy savings and greenhouse gas mitigation potential are assessed using the Long-range Energy Alternative Planning model. For the evaluated options, more than 80% of GHG mitigation is achievable with negative GHG abatement cost. A GHG abatement cost curve is developed to assess the economic performance of various options. The results of the cost curve indicate that efficient lighting, efficient furnaces, and high efficiency appliances are the three areas in which the most GHG mitigation can be achieved at the lowest cost. The results provide invaluable insights to policy makers. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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