Wheat mutant MNR220 delays haustoria formation during leaf rust pathogenesis at the seedling stage uri icon

abstract

  • This study reports further characterization of the defence mechanism of an EMS-induced mutant (MNR220) that displays enhanced resistance to leaf rust, stem rust, stripe rust and powdery mildew diseases. The broad-spectrum resistance of the mutant was characterized by a microscopy study and additional race screenings of two rust pathogens. The mutant displayed less disease severity in response to all the races tested, when compared with the wild-type. The microscopy study of the pathogenesis of a leaf rust race PBJJG on the mutant revealed that the resistance was first evident at the pre-haustorial stage; formation of haustoria was significantly delayed or inhibited in the mutant compared with the wild-type. The mutant displayed microscopic level of cell death even in the absence of any pathogens. These findings suggest that MNR220 mediates a spontaneous cell death that delays the infection process by delaying haustoria formation of the pathogen
  • This study reports further characterization of the defence mechanism of an EMS-induced mutant (MNR220) that displays enhanced resistance to leaf rust, stem rust, stripe rust and powdery mildew diseases. The broad-spectrum resistance of the mutant was characterized by a microscopy study and additional race screenings of two rust pathogens. The mutant displayed less disease severity in response to all the races tested, when compared with the wild-type. The microscopy study of the pathogenesis of a leaf rust race PBJJG on the mutant revealed that the resistance was first evident at the pre-haustorial stage; formation of haustoria was significantly delayed or inhibited in the mutant compared with the wild-type. The mutant displayed microscopic level of cell death even in the absence of any pathogens. These findings suggest that MNR220 mediates a spontaneous cell death that delays the infection process by delaying haustoria formation of the pathogen.

publication date

  • 2016
  • 2016
  • 2016