Mapping quantitative trait loci for peroxidase activity and developing gene-specific markers for TaPod-A1 on wheat chromosome 3AL. uri icon

abstract

  • Peroxidase (POD) activity in grain is an important factor determining the color of flour and end-use products of wheat, such as noodles and steamed bread. Mapping QTL for POD activity, characterization of POD genes and development of gene-specific markers are important for molecular marker-assisted selection in wheat breeding. Quantitative trait loci (QTL) for POD activity in common wheat were mapped using a recombinant inbred line (RIL) population derived from a Doumai/Shi 4185 cross grown in four environments and genotyped using the wheat 90 K iSelect assay. Three novel QTL for POD activity, QPod.caas-3AL, QPod.caas-4BS and QPod.caas-5AS, were identified on chromosomes 3AL, 4BS and 5AS, explaining 5.3-21.2 % of phenotypic variance across environments. The full-length genomic DNA (gDNA) sequence of a POD gene, designated TaPod-A1, on chromosome 3A was characterized by homolog cloning and PCR verification. Two complementary dominant sequence-tagged site (STS) markers, POD-3A1 and POD-3A2, were developed based on single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) between two alleles at the TaPod-A1 locus, amplifying 291- and 766-bp fragments in cultivars with lower and higher POD activities, respectively. The two gene-specific markers were mapped on chromosome 3AL using a set of Chinese Spring (CS) nulli-tetrasomic lines, and ditelosomic lines 3AL and 3AS. QTL analysis indicated that QPod.caas-3AL co-segregated with the gene-specific markers POD-3A1 and POD-3A2. POD-3A1 and POD-3A2 were verified on 281 wheat cultivars and advanced lines, and showed significant (P < 0.05) associations with POD activities. POD-3A1 and POD-3A2 may be useful as markers for improving color attributes in wheat breeding programs.
  • Three novel QTL for peroxidase activity were mapped, and gene-specific markers for TaPod-A1 were developed and validated using RILs derived from the Doumai/Shi 4185 cross and 281 wheat cultivars. TaPod-A1 is within one of the three QTL.

publication date

  • 2015
  • 2015