Sheath-blight resistance QTLS in japonica rice germplasm uri icon

abstract

  • Sheath blight (SB), caused by Rhizoctonia solani, is a serious disease of cultivated rice (Oryza sativa L.) for which genetic resistance is in demand by breeders. With the goal of resistance (SBR)-QTL discovery in U. S. japonica breeding material, 197 doubled-haploid lines from a cross between MCR10277 (resistant) and Cocodrie (susceptible) were evaluated in field and greenhouse assays with U. S. and Colombian pathogen isolates and genotyped at 111 microsatellite marker loci. Four SBR QTLs from MCR10277 were identified, together accounting for 47% of field genetic variation. In all trials the strongest effect was provided by a chromosome-9 QTL, qsbr_9.1, but some QTLs differed for U. S. and Colombian R. solani isolates. SBR QTLs coincided with only two of several height or heading-time QTLs, suggesting that the relationship between these developmental traits and SBR is not simple. For the U. S. isolates, a microchamber greenhouse assay revealed the same QTLs as did field inoculation.

publication date

  • 2012
  • 2012