The potential contribution of bread buns fortified with beta-carotene-rich sweet potato in Central Mozambique. uri icon

abstract

  • Background. Orange-fleshed sweet potato is an efficacious source o vitamin A. Substituting wheat flour with orange-fleshed sweet potato in processed products could reduceforeign exchange outlays, create new marketsfor producers, and result in increased vitamin A consumption among consumers provided there is adequate retention of P-carotene during processing.
  • Conclusions. Golden bread is a good source of beta-carotene and is economically viable when the price ratio of wheat flour to raw orange-fleshed sweet potato root is at least 1.5. Widespread adoption during sweet potato harvesting periods is feasible; year-round availability requires storage.
  • Methods. Modified local recipes maximized sweet potato content within the limits Of consumer acceptability. Sensitivity analysis determined parameters underlying economic viability. Two samples each of buns from flve varieties of orange-fleshed sweet potato were analyzedfor beta-carotene content. Processed products with at least 15 pglgproduct of trans-beta-carotene were considered good sources of vitamin A.
  • Objective. To explore whether substituting 38% of wheatflour (by weight) in bread buns (kolden bread') with boiled and mashed orange-fleshed sweet potato fromfresh roots or rehydrated chips wouldproduce economically viable beta-carotene-rich products acceptable to Mozambican rural consumers.
  • Results. Golden bread made from fresh roots of medium-intensity orange-fleshed sweet potato varieties met the good source criterion, but bread from lighterintensity sweet potato varieties did not. Bread from rehydrated dried chips was not economically viable. Consumers strongly preferred golden bread over pure wheat flour bread because of its heavier texture and attractive appearance. The ratio of the price of wheat flour to that Of raw sweet potato root varied from 3.1 to 3.5 among the bakers, whose increase in profit margins ranged from 54% to 92%.

publication date

  • 2008
  • 2008