Genetical control of amylose content in a diallel set of rice crosses uri icon

abstract

  • Models proposed by Gale and Pooni, Kumar and Khush are applied to study the inheritance of amylose content in a diallel set of crosses produced from seven elite inbred lines of indica rice representing all the major rice consuming regions of the world. In theory, the standard (Hayman's and Griffing's) analyses of diallel tables and the. Wr/Vr relationship are found to apply even though the trait under investigation is expressed in a triploid state. It is further revealed that reciprocal effects can only be detected unambiguously in the F-2 diallel and the additive and non-additive effects cannot be separated in the B-1 and B-2 diallels when they are analysed separately. Analysis of the experimental data reveals that additive and dominance effects are the main sources of variation among the 21 crosses of the 7 x 7 diallel. Comparisons of the B-1 and B-2 diallels also show that the single dosage dominance (h(a1) type) effects differ significantly from the double dosage dominance (h(a2) type) effects. In addition, cytoplasmic control of amylose content is confirmed unambiguously and a large proportion of the heritable variation is shown to be controlled by a series of multiple alleles with large effects.

publication date

  • 1993
  • 1993