A time‐course study of early establishment stages of parasitic angiosperm Striga asiatica on susceptible sorghum roots uri icon

abstract

  • A time-course study of the early establishment stages of Striga asiatica was carried out on a susceptible sorghum hybrid, CSH 1, using polyethylene bags and whole-root clearing and staining techniques. Preconditioned Striga seeds were applied to different aged segments of primary root but the results did not differ for these different aged segments. Most of the Striga seeds (63%) germinated within 24 h of inoculation on the host roots. The attachment of Striga radicles to host root was rapid and it occurred between 36 and 48 h after inoculation. Only 9% of the germinated Striga seeds attached to the host root but 65% of these attachments successfully penetrated through the epidermis and entered the host cortex within 72 h. Penetration through the cortical cells was difficult; only 17% of attachments were able to reach the endodermis. Penetration took from 12 to 43 h after the first appearance of haustorial cells in the cortex; a total of 84 to 120 h after inoculation on the host root. Penetration through the endodermis and establishment on the host stele was relatively easier, as most of the haustoria reaching the endodermis were able to establish on the host stele. But this is a slow process taking a minimum of 24 h, and a maximum of 60 h after first contact of haustorial cells with the endodermis. The minimum time taken from inoculation of ungerminated Striga seed on the host root to establishment is about 108 h. The results are discussed in relation to published reports on other parasitic species such as Agalinis purpurea

publication date

  • 1991
  • 1991