Production of haploids in bread wheat, durum wheat and hexaploid triticale crossed with pearl millet uri icon

abstract

  • Pearl millet is an efficient alternative to maize as a pollen source for haploid production in bread wheat. To compare haploid production frequencies in other Triticeae species, the crossabilities of two genotypes each of bread wheat, durum wheat and hexaploid triticale with four pearl millet genotypes and a maize control were examined. Embryos were obtained from crosses of all three species with both pearl millet and maize. However, significant differences in crossability were found among the three species (10.5-79.8% seed development and 1.4-15.8% embryo formation), as well as among genotypes of durum wheat (7.2-23.7% and 2.1-6.4%) and hexaploid triticale (0.3-20.6% and 0.1-2.7%). Crossability of bread wheat with pearl millet was relatively high. Haploid plants were regenerated from crosses of all three species with pearl millet. As in the case of maize crosses, low crossabilities of durum wheat and hexaploid triticale with pearl millet can be attributed to the absence of D-genome chromosomes.

publication date

  • 1998
  • 1998