Identification of candidate sialome components expressed in ixodid tick salivary glands using secretion signal complementation in mammalian cells. uri icon

abstract

  • Ixodid ticks manipulate mammalian host pathways by secreting molecules from salivary glands. Novel cDNAs containing functional secretion signals were isolated from ixodid tick salivary glands using a signal sequence trap. Only 15/61 Rhipicephalus appendiculatus and 1/7 Amblyomma variegatum cDNAs had significant identity (< 1e-15) to previously identified sequences. Polypeptides that may interact with host pathways included a kinase inhibitor. Two proteins encoded homologues of the yolk protein vitellogenin and seventeen contained glycine-rich motifs. Four proteins without sequence matches had conserved structural folds, identified using a Threading algorithm. Predicted secretion signals were between fifteen and fifty-seven amino acids long. Four homologous polymorphic proteins contained conserved (26/27 residues) signal peptides. Ten functional tick secretion signals could not be unambiguously identified using predictive algorithms.

publication date

  • 2005
  • 2005