Water accounting for conjunctive groundwater/surface water management: case of the Singkarak–Ombilin River basin, Indonesia uri icon

abstract

  • Because water shortages limit development in many parts of the world, a systematic approach is needed to use water more productively. To address this need, Molden and Sakthivadivel [Water Resour. Dev. 15 (1999) 55-71] developed a water-accounting procedure for analyzing water use patterns and tradeoffs between users. Their procedure treats groundwater and surface water as a single domain. We adapted this procedure to account for groundwater and surface water components separately, and applied the adapted procedure to the Singkarak-Ombilin River basin, Indonesia, where groundwater is a significant part of the overall water balance. Since 1998, a substantial proportion of water has been withdrawn from Singkarak Lake and diverted out of the basin, resulting in significant impacts on downstream water users and the lake ecosystem. Based on 15-20 years (1980- 1999) of hydrometeorological, land use, soil, and other relevant data, a simple groundwater balance model was developed to generate the hydrogeologic information needed for the water-accounting procedure. The water-accounting procedure was then used to evaluate present and potential future water use performance in the basin. By considering groundwater and surface water components separately, a more realistic estimate of water availability was calculated than could be obtained by lumping these components together. Results show that the diversion of 37 m(3)/s from Singkarak Lake increases the amount of water that is not available for other uses. such as for irrigation, from 57-81 to 81 -95% of total water available in the basin. The new water accounting procedure also demonstrates the viability of increasing downstream water supply and water use performance during the dry months (June -September). For example, by increasing irrigation during the wet months (January-April) or tapping water from a shallow, unconfined aquifer during the dry months, while keep maintaining sustainable groundwater levels. (C) 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

publication date

  • 2004
  • 2004
  • 2004