Exclusive breastfeeding and its effect on growth of Malawian infants: results from a cross-sectional study uri icon

abstract

  • Abstract Background: For the optimal nutrition of children under 2 years of age, it is considered important that they be exclusively breastfed for the first 6 months before being given complementary food. Aims and Objectives: A cross-sectional nutritional baseline survey was undertaken in 2011 in the Kasungu and Mzimba Districts of Malawi to assess the nutritional status of children under 2 years of age and its determinants in order to prepare a nutrition education intervention programme. The intention of this study was to assess the nutritional status of infants aged 0?<6 months with regard to food intake. Methods: Interviews were conducted on randomly selected families with children under 2 years; anthropometric measurements were obtained from mothers and their children. Only infants between 0 and <6 months were selected for analysis (n ?=? 196). An ANCOVA test was performed on age of the infant with mothers? height and weight as covariates. Results: Prevalence of stunting (infants? length-for-age Z-score (LAZ)

publication date

  • 2015
  • 2015