Studies on transmission of Indian peanut clump virus disease by Polymyxa graminis. uri icon

abstract

  • The plasmodiophoromycete fungus, Polymyxa graminis was observed in the roots of Sorghum bicolor, S. sudanense, Pennisetum glaucum, Triticum aestivum, Cyperus rotundus, Eleucine coracana, Zea mays, Tridax procumbens and Arachis hypogaea collected from Indian peanut clump virus (IPCV)-infested fields. Examination of roots of IPCV-infected S. bicolor, S. sudanense, P. glaucum and T. aestivum grown in previously air dried field soil also showed the presence of cystosori of P. graminis. IPCV-infested soil stored at room temperature for 3 years transmitted the virus to A. hypogaea, T. aestivum and S. bicolor. Roots extracted from IPCV-infected P. glaucum and S. bicolor containing cystosori, and dried root fragments incorporated into sterile soil, transmitted the virus to A. hypogaea and T. aestivum. The root extracts contained primary zoospores of the fungus, presumably arising from cystosori. Utilising root fragments of S. sudanense containing cystosori as inoculum P. graminis was shown to infect both monocotyledonous and dicotyledonous plants. Profuse cystosorus production in rootlets only occurred in monocotyledonous plants. In dicotyledonous plants, in general, only few rootlets showed cystosori. Indian isolates of P. graminis appear to differ from isolates from temperate soils in that they can infect dicotyledonous plants and have a much wider host range

publication date

  • 1991
  • 1991