Molecular characterization of the avrXa7 locus from Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae field isolates uri icon

abstract

  • The effector gene avrXa7 from Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae has avirulence function in rice with the Xa7 resistance gene and confers pathogenic fitness (aggressiveness). Field strains of X. oryzae pv. oryzae displayed a diversity of phenotypes on rice ranging from complete to partial loss of these functions. To understand the molecular basis for variation in avrXa7 function, we sequenced the alleles from seven field strains. The avrXa7 gene is an avrBs3/pthA family member and contains nuclear localization signal sequences and an acidic activation domain (AAD) in the 3' end and a central region containing repeated sequences, all of which are important for avirulence and aggressiveness. Sequence analysis revealed changes in the avrXa7 alleles ranging from a point mutation to multiple mutations spread throughout the alleles. Some strains with identical mutant alleles exhibited different levels of aggressiveness to rice, suggesting the presence of second mutations. A point mutation found at the beginning of the AAD of one avrXa7 allele was reconstructed in the wild type gene; this mutant exhibited partial loss of avirulence and aggressiveness. Our data suggest that adaptation of X. oryzae pv. oryzae to Xa7 rice fields involves not only alterations in avrXa7, but may include changes in other gene family members resulting from recombination between family members. (C) 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

publication date

  • 2004
  • 2004
  • 2004