Oligonucleotide fingerprinting of plant and fungal genomes: a comparison of radioactive, colorigenic and chemiluminescent detection methods.
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Digoxigenated oligonucleotide probes complementary to simple repetitive DNA sequences were introduced into nonradioactive fingerprint analysis of plant and fungal DNA. The fragment patterns, obtained by blot hybridization of TaqI-restricted DNA from chickpea (Cicer arietinum) and its fungal pathogen Ascochyta rabiei with digoxigenated probes and either a colorigenic or a chemiluminescent detection method, were compared to those obtained with P-32-labeled probes. In combination with alkaline phosphatase and its chemiluminescent substrate 3-(2'-spiroadamantane)-4-methoxy-4-(3"-phosphoryloxy)phenyl-1,2-dioxetane (AMPPD) digoxigenated oligonucleotides yielded clear-cut fingerprints with high signal-to-background ratios within several minutes of exposure to X-ray films. The chemiluminescence reaction remained stable for at least two weeks. A comparison of banding patterns obtained by radioactive versus digoxigenin-based hybridization and detection techniques revealed substantial differences in the relative signal intensities of bands. Both nonradioactive techniques show a tendency to "equalize" band intensity differences. Whereas P-32-labeled oligonucleotides are also applicable to in situ hybridization with DNA immobilized in dried agarose gels, gel hybridization did not work efficiently with digoxigenated probes and either substrate.
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