Yr60, a Gene Conferring Moderate Resistance to Stripe Rust in Wheat
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Stripe rust, caused by Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici W., is a devastating disease of wheat worldwide. A new stripe rust resistance gene with moderate seedling and adult plant resistance was mapped using an F-5 recombinant inbred line (RIL) population developed from the cross of the resistant parent 'Almop' with the susceptible parent 'Avocet'. The parents and RILs were phenotyped for seedling stripe rust response variation in a greenhouse and in field trials at Toluca, Mexico for 2 years. Almop showed moderate levels of resistance at both seedling and adult plant stages compared with the highly susceptible response of Avocet. The distribution of homozygous resistant, homozygous susceptible, and segregating RILs conformed to segregation at a single locus. Seedlings and adult plant responses were correlated, indicating that the same gene conferred resistance at both stages. A bulk segregant analysis approach with widely distributed simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers mapped the resistance gene to the distal region of the long arm of chromosome 4A. The SSR marker wmc776 cosegregated with this gene, whereas markers wmc219 and wmc313 were tightly linked and both located at 0.6 centimorgans. The resistance locus was designated Yr60.
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