Application of low-phosphorus-containing legume residues reduces extractable phosphorus in a tropical Ultisol uri icon

abstract

  • Application of legume green manure (GM) is suggested to be effective in increasing the availability of native soil phosphorus (P) and the dissolution and utilization of phosphate rock (PR)-P by food crops.
  • Application of legume green manure (GM) is suggested to be effective in increasing the availability of native soil phosphorus (P) and the dissolution and utilization of phosphate rock (PR)-P by food crops.Experiments were conducted to study the dynamics of extractable P (P extracted by Bray-1-extracting solution) of an Ultisol amended with or without GM residues of contrasting P concentrations in the absence of growing plants. In two separate experiments, GM residues of Aschynomene afraspera (a flood-tolerant legume) and of Crotalaria micans (upland) with varying P concentrations were added to an acidic soil amended with PR-P or triple superphosphate (TSP) in plastic bottles. Soil moisture was brought to field capacity of the soil in the upland experiment and saturated with distilled water in the lowland setup. This was done to simulate aerobic upland and anaerobic lowland soil conditions in the relevant plastic bottles. Only P concentration of the residues added varied, while lignin and C : N ratios were similar. A temperature of 25°C was maintained throughout the experiment.Changes in soil extractable Bray-1-P were measured at the end of the incubation period (60 or 80 d). In the aerobic soils, extractable P in the combined PR+GM or TSP+GM treatments was significantly lower than in the PR- or TSP- treated soils. The amendment with GM residues alone significantly increased Bray-1-P over the unamended control in the case of the inorganic P-fertilized GM residues. The trend in extractable P was similar in the soils incubated under anaerobic conditions. However, in the case of PR, concentrations of P extracted by Bray-1 solution did not significantly change in the presence or absence of GM.The results suggest that the incorporation of GM residues with low P concentration does not lead to a net P release in upland or lowland soils. These results have implications for nutrient cycling in farming systems in W Africa as most of the soils are poor and very low in available P
  • Changes in soil extractable Bray-1-P were measured at the end of the incubation period (60 or 80 d). In the aerobic soils, extractable P in the combined PR+GM or TSP+GM treatments was significantly lower than in the PR- or TSP- treated soils. The amendment with GM residues alone significantly increased Bray-1-P over the unamended control in the case of the inorganic P-fertilized GM residues. The trend in extractable P was similar in the soils incubated under anaerobic conditions. However, in the case of PR, concentrations of P extracted by Bray-1 solution did not significantly change in the presence or absence of GM.
  • Experiments were conducted to study the dynamics of extractable P (P extracted by Bray-1 -extracting solution) of an Ultisol amended with or without GM residues of contrasting P concentrations in the absence of growing plants. In two separate experiments, GM residues of Aschynomene afraspera (a flood-tolerant legume) and of Crotalaria micans (upland) with varying P concentrations were added to an acidic soil amended with PR-P or triple superphosphate (TSP) in plastic bottles. Soil moisture was brought to field capacity of the soil in the upland experiment and saturated with distilled water in the lowland setup. This was done to simulate aerobic upland and anaerobic lowland soil conditions in the relevant plastic bottles. Only P concentration of the residues added varied, while lignin and C : N ratios were similar. A temperature of 25 degrees C was maintained throughout the experiment.
  • The results suggest that the incorporation of GM residues with low P concentration does not lead to a net P release in upland or lowland soils. These results have implications for nutrient cycling in farming systems in W Africa as most of the soils are poor and very low in available P.

publication date

  • 2007
  • 2007
  • 2007