Association of soybean root mycoflora with root modulation, root necrosis and plant fresh weight uri icon

abstract

  • Fungi were isolated from soybean plants in ten fields in south-west France. Correspondence analysis (COA) was used to find associations among taxa (species, genera, groups) and sampling units (i.e. one field at one sampling date). The first axis of the COA demonstrated a dominant sampling date effect; the second indicated an association among certain sampling units and specific taxa. Regression analysis of COA coordinate values indicated that fields with high relative isolation frequencies of Fusarium spp., F. oxysporum and 'other species' (mostly Chaetomium spp. and sterile fungi) were characterised by greater plant fresh weight and nodule number and lower ratings for root necrosis. Cylindrocarpon spp., Cephalosporium spp. and F. solani had high relative isolation frequencies in fields with lower plant weight, lower nodule number and higher root necrosis ratings. The relative importance of fungal taxa was also related to soil type.

publication date

  • 1991
  • 1991