Development of elite breeding lines conferring Bph18 gene-derived resistance to brown planthopper (BPH) by marker-assisted selection and genome-wide background analysis in japonica rice (Oryza sativa L.) uri icon

abstract

  • Brown planthopper (BPH) is a serious threat to rice production. In this study, we have used the novel resistance gene Bph18 derived from Oryza australiensis and incorporated it into an elite japonica cultivar, Junambyeo, which is highly susceptible to BPH. The Bph18 gene was introduced by marker-assisted backcross (MAB) breeding into Junambyeo. The backcrossed progenies were evaluated for desirable agronomic and grain quality traits and the selection of improved breeding lines while simultaneously evaluating BPH resistance by bioassays in the greenhouse and foreground selection. Of the 26 advanced backcross breeding lines (ABL), four lines showed agronomic traits similar to those of the recurrent parent, with strong resistance to BPH. Molecular genotyping of the four ABL revealed the conversion of genotypes closely resembling the genotype of Junambyeo. The percentage of donor chromosome segments in ABL decreased from 12.3% in the BC2 to 9.4%, 8.4% and 5.3% in BC3, BC4 and BC5 generations, respectively. ABL retained small sizes of the donor chromosome segments on chromosomes 1, 2, 10, 11 and 12 but the genomes of ABL2, ABL3 and ABL4 were homosequential to the recurrent parent on chromosomes 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 9 without donor chromosome segment introgression. The ABL1 and ABL2 retained only some small segments of the donor genome on chromosomes 9 and 8. respectively. Fine structure analysis of the Bph18 flanking region between RM511 and RM1584 markers on chromosome 12 showed a progressive elimination of donor-derived chromosome segments from BC2 to BC5 generations. The percentage of O. australiensis derived chromosome segment substitution in the recurrent parent background decreased from 28% of the donor parent to 6.7%, 3.9%, 3.4% and 3.4% in BC2, BC3, BC4 and BC5 generations, respectively. However, it was revealed that the O. australiensis-derived chromosome segment (1320 kb) in ABL containing the Bph18 gene was consistently maintained irrespective of advances in backcross generations. BPH resistant elite breeding lines with agronomic and grain quality traits similar to those of the recurrent parent were successfully developed by foreground and background analysis in japonica background without linkage drag. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

publication date

  • 2011
  • 2011
  • 2011