Development of an Aegilops longissima substitution line with improved bread-making quality uri icon

abstract

  • This study focuses on the effect of Aegilops longissima on wheat bread making quality. Chromosome 1S(I) disomic addition line of Ae. longissima (DAL1S(I)) had significantly higher dough strength, grain hardness, mixographic peak height, band width, and unextractable polymeric protein content compared with wheat. DAL1S(I) also had additional glutenin and gliadin proteins contributed by Ae. longissima. The larger size of 1SI coded HMW-GSs sequenced from DAL1S(I) and their phylogenetic similarity to the D-genome-coded subunits were suspected to be one of the major reasons for the increased dough strength of DAL1SI. To transfer the chromosome 1S(I) genes responsible for the good bread-making quality to wheat, we generated a chromosome-specific disomic substitution line [DSL1S(I)(1A)] by crossing DAL1S(I) with nulli 1A tetra 1B genetic stock and further selection. Grain quality analysis revealed significantly lower grain hardness and significantly higher dough strength, farinograph development time, stability time, gluten index, bread loaf volume, and bread quality score in DSL1S(I)(1A), compared with wheat. However, the increased bread loaf volume and quality were not proportional to the relatively higher increases in dough strength and gluten index, indicating importance of other traits influencing bread making quality. The presence of a minor hardness locus on chromosome 1A is speculated. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

publication date

  • 2014
  • 2014