Shift to non-traditional grains in the diets of East and West Africa: role of women's opportunity cost of time uri icon

abstract

  • In sub-Saharan Africa there has been a shift over the past 20 years in consumption patterns from traditional coarse grains to non-traditional grains, mainly wheat and rice. This article examines the aggregate level trends in production and consumption of coarse grains and non-traditional grains. Household level data sets from urban and rural Burkina Faso and from Southwestern Kenya are used to identify the determinants of shifting consumption patterns. Results from the two countries suggest that the shift to rice in urban Burkina Faso and wheat in the form of bread in rural Kenya is related to the extent of women working outside the home. Results also suggest that women level factors are more important than household income alone in explaining the transition in consumption patterns.

publication date

  • 1994
  • 1994