Identification of genes in cassava that are differentially expressed during infection with Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. manihotis.
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The cDNA-amplified fragment length polymorphism approach was used to identify differentially expressed transcripts from cassava infected by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. manihotis (Xam). Approximately 3600 transcript-derived fragments (TDFs) were screened of which 340 were isolated. The nucleotide sequences of 250 TDFs were analysed and assembled into contigs and singletons. The amino acid sequences of their predicted products were compared with entries in databases and 63 of these clones showed homology to known plant genes. Of these, 32 showed similarity to plant defence proteins. Fifty-one TDFs corresponded to proteins of unknown function and 106 did not match any sequence in the public databases. Quantitative reverse transcription PCR was carried out with a selected set of gene transcripts that demonstrated an increase of expression during the infection. These results point out candidate genes that are associated with cassava resistance to Xam and reinforce the idea of a complex process occurring during this plant-pathogen interaction.
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