Soil Carbon Dioxide Emissions from Sorghum–Sunflower Rotation in Rainfed Semi-arid Tropical Alfisols: Effects of Fertilization Rate and Legume Biomass Incorporation uri icon

abstract

  • The long-term effects of plant legume (horse gram (Macrotyloma uniflorum)) biomass incorporations were assessed in terms of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, soil quality parameters, and climatically influenced soil parameters in a dryland Alfisol under varying soil fertility conditions. Six selected treatments consisted of off-season legume incorporation (I) and no incorporation?/?fallow (F), each under three varying nitrogen and phosphorus fertilizer levels (viz., N0P0, N25P30, and N50P30). Soil moisture, soil temperature, soil surface carbon dioxide emission, soil dehydrogenases, and microbial biomass carbon (MBC) were monitored at three different crop situations (viz., Kharif period (KP), legume/fallow period (LP), and no crop period (NP)) at 14 different periods of the year. Incorporation practices resulted in greater rates of CO2 emission over fallow conditions during the Kharif and legume periods, whereas the emission rate was greater in fallow soils during the end of the legume and no crop periods. The increased rates of fertilizer doses also significantly increased the soil CO2 flux during the majority of the measurements. Beneficial effects of incorporation practices were observed in terms of high soil moisture (5?11%), low soil temperature (3?7%), and high content of MBC over without incorporations. Correlation studies indicated that the soil property MBC was found to be the greatest significant variable with CO2 emission in all the fertilizer treatments under biomass-incorporated soils. These results indicated the undesirable (in terms of CO2 fluxes) and desirable (soil biological and other parameters) effects of legume biomass incorporation and fertilizer application and their significance in improving soil quality and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in dryland Alfisols of semi-arid tropics

publication date

  • 2012
  • 2012