Root system architecture variation in response to different NH4+ concentrations and its association with nitrogen-deficient tolerance traits in rice uri icon

abstract

  • Root plasticity, a trait that can respond to different soil environments, may assist plants to scavenge the nutrients in heterogeneous soils. The objective of this paper is to understand the NH4 (+)-responsive root architectural changes in rice for better acquisition of Nitrogen (N). Using a root basket method, we examined the variation in root plasticity among diverse rice genotypes grown under hydroponics with different NH4 (+) concentrations. Significant variation in NH4 (+)-responsive root architectural changes was observed among rice genotypes studied. From the hydroponic study, five contrasting genotypes with distinct rooting patterns (mono and dimorphic) were selected based on the ratio of deeper roots and rooting pattern value. These distinct genotypes were evaluated in the field to identify the role of root architecture on plant performance under different N applications. Our field results revealed that the dimorphic rooting genotypes enhance the grain yield and shoot biomass under N-deficit conditions than monomorphic root genotypes. We conclude that root architectural plasticity and dimorphic rooting pattern would be helpful to enhance the nitrogen-acquisition efficiency under N-deficit conditions in rice.

publication date

  • 2014
  • 2014
  • 2014