Recurrent selection for downy‐mildew resistance in pearl millet uri icon

abstract

  • One population of pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum (L.) R. Br.) highly susceptible to downy mildew (Sclerospora graminicola (Sacc.) Schroet.) was subjected to two cycles of recurrent selection for downy mildew resistance using a modified greenhouse screening method. The response to selection was evaluated under greenhouse and field conditions using 50 random S1 progenies and 50 random full-sib progenies from each cycle bulk. Significant progress over cycles of selection was observed in all evaluation trials. These results demonstrated that, in a susceptible population, recurrent selection effectively increased the level of resistance to downy mildew. The modified greenhouse method for assessing resistance to downy mildew effectively differentiated genotypes and had the advantages of greater rapidity and suitability for use throughout the year, independent of season.A rapid decline of genotypic variance was observed in advanced cycles of selection, indicating that a small number of genes controls downy-mildew resistance in this population. The comparison of genotypic and error variance components from S1 progenies and full-sib progenies suggested that full-sib progenies can be used successfully in recurrent selection for increased downy-mildew resistance

publication date

  • 1995
  • 1995