Microsatellites in cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) : discovery, inheritance and variability uri icon

abstract

  • Fourteen microsatellites containing GA-repeats were isolated and characterized in cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz, Euphorbiaceae). Microsatellite heterozygosity (h) was estimated in 48 accessions using (P-32)-end-labeled primers and in more than 500 accessions using fluorescence-based genotyping. Heterozygosity values ranged from 0.00 to 0.88 and the number of alleles detected varied from 1 to 15. The reproducibility of allele sizing was also assessed using fluorescence-based genotyping. The average inter-gel size difference was 1.03 nucleotides. Chi-square tests (chi(2)) were performed to analyse segregation distortion and the linkage between alleles segregating from either or both parents in an F-1 mapping population. Most microsatellite loci segregated in the expected 1:1, 1:2:1 or 1:1:1:1 ratio. Linkage was detected between loci segregating from either parent, and segregation distortion from the male parent was detected for locus GA-131. Approximately 80% of the microsatellites detected one or two alleles per accession, suggesting a low degree of microsatellite locus duplication, an unexpected finding for a putative allopolyploid, highly heterozygous species. The high h values of most microsatellites, their amplification in other Manihot taxa and their suitability for high-throughput, fluorescence-based genotyping, make microsatellites the marker of choice for germplasm characterization and saturation of the cassava map.

publication date

  • 1998
  • 1998