Performance of aerobic rice varieties under irrigated conditions in North China uri icon

abstract

  • In Northern China, high-yielding aerobic rice varieties are released to farmers to grow rice as a supplementary-irrigated upland crop to cope with water scarcity. If the key factors contributing to the high yield of these varieties are understood, rapid advancements can be made in developing aerobic rice varieties for water-scarce environments in other parts of Asia. In 2001-2002, we conducted experiments with aerobic varieties HD502 and HD297 and lowland variety JD305 under aerobic and flooded conditions. Five irrigation treatments were implemented in aerobic soil to create different soil moisture regimes. Under flooded conditions, all three varieties had comparable radiation use (RUE) efficiencies of 2.09-2.26 g dry matter (DM) MJ(-1) in 2001 and 2.40-2.53 g DM MJ-1 in 2002, and harvest indices (HI) of 0.38-0.40 in both years. Differences in yield among the varieties are explained by differences in growth duration. Under aerobic conditions, mean RUE over water treatments dropped to 1.70-1.72 g DM MJ-1 for all three varieties in 2001, and to 1.62 for HD502, 1.71 for HD297 and 1.86 for JD305 in 2002. With increasing dryness of the soil, the amount of intercepted light decreased at about the same rate for all varieties, but RUE decreased faster in the lowland than in the two aerobic varieties. The HI of JD305 decreased dramatically with increasing soil dryness and reached values of 0.19-0.21 in 2002. In contrast, the HI of both aerobic varieties remained relatively high under aerobic conditions, with lowest values of 0.27-0.28 for HD297 and 0.34-0.35 for HD502 in 2002. The relatively high HI of the aerobic varieties compensated for their relatively short growth duration so that their yields were higher than that of JD305 in all treatments. A high percentage filled grains is a key factor contributing to the high HI of the aerobic varieties under aerobic conditions. (c) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

publication date

  • 2006
  • 2006
  • 2006