Host instar suitability of Aphis gossypii (Hemiptera: Aphididae) for Lysiphlebus testaceipes (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) and parasitism effect on aphid life table uri icon

abstract

  • Lysiphlebus testaceipes (Cresson) (Hymenoptera: Braconidae, Aphidiinae) has constituted a well-studied parasitoid insect model, but very little is known about the host-instar suitability of aphid for the wasp so far. One of the hosts of L. testaceipes is Aphis gossypii Glover (Hemiptera: Aphididae). The latter is a serious aphid pest to vegetable production in Benin. Therefore, the objectives of our study were to: (1) examine the oviposition behavior of L. testaceipes on A. gossypii; (2) investigate the host-instar suitability of A. gossypii for L. testaceipes; and (3) compare the life table parameters of A. gossypii with aphids parasitized by L. testaceipes and unparasitized aphids (control). The study was conducted in a laboratory at 26 +/- A 1 A degrees C in petri dishes and revealed that the parasitoid utilized up to seven stabbing stings to handle and oviposit, particularly in older A. gossypii. In aphids parasitized at the third instar, the net reproductive rate R (o) as well as the intrinsic rate of natural increase r (m) was significantly lower (2.119 +/- A 0.272 and 0.110 +/- A 0.018) compared to the control (15.529 +/- A 1.287 and 0.272 +/- A 0.008), respectively (p < 0.01).

publication date

  • 2013
  • 2013