Mitigating zinc deficiency and achieving high grain Zn in rice through integration of soil chemistry and plant physiology research uri icon

abstract

  • Background Zinc deficiency has been recognized as an important factor affecting both human health and crop production. Rice (Oryza sativa) is relevant to both concerns, as it is susceptible to soil Zn deficiency and is a staple food for some of the Zn-deficient human population. Improving the processes by which Zn moves from the soil into the plant and eventually into the edible part of the grain has the potential to mitigate problems associated with Zn deficiency in crops and humans. This review article focuses on soil- and plant-related processes affecting Zn chemistry in rice-grown soils and Zn uptake and transport in a rice plant.
  • Conclusions Priority research areas to fill in knowledge gaps are: 1) improving our ability to predict Zn deficiency in rice soils, 2) understanding the relationship between Zn-deficiency tolerance mechanisms and grain Zn accumulation, 3) exploring the effectiveness of root Zn uptake mechanisms in contrasting soil environments.
  • Scope This review covers advances in soil chemistry regarding the reasons for inconsistent Zn deficiency in rice soils and the limitations of soil test methods for predicting Zn response for rice. We then review advances in plant physiology related to root Zn uptake and internal Zn distribution mechanisms in rice and explore interactions between specific root processes and the soil chemistry of particular environments. We aim to provide an overview of the soil science research for plant scientists and vice versa, in order to promote and facilitate future interdisciplinary collaborations.

publication date

  • 2012
  • 2012