Social and environmental risk factors for trachoma: a mixed methods approach in the Kembata Zone of southern Ethiopia uri icon

abstract

  • The influence of 14 predictor variables on active trachoma risk and disease severity in children was investigated using mixed effects logistic regression. Young age, unclean face and low household expenses were risk factors for active disease. Older age and unclean face were risk factors for Trachomatous inflammation, intense (TI), the more severe form of active disease. Interviews and focus groups revealed that lack of food, water and money were of greatest concern to the communities surveyed. The results of the qualitative and quantitative analyses converged, supporting continued implementation of the facial cleanliness ('F') and environmental improvement ('E') components of the WHO's SAFE strategy.

publication date

  • 2011
  • 2011