Genetic Analysis of Adult-Plant Resistance to Leaf Rust in Five Spring Wheat Genotypes uri icon

abstract

  • Inheritance of adult-plant resistance to leaf rust, caused by Puccinia triticina, was studied in the progeny of a one-way diallel cross involving five CIMMYT-derived adult-plant resistant wheat (Triticum aestivum) genotypes and a susceptible wheat 'Avocet-YrA'. F-1 progenies, F-2 populations, F-2-derived F-3, and F-4-derived F-5 lines were field evaluated under artificial epidemics with leaf rust race MCJ/SP. Adult-plant resistance to leaf rust was incompletely dominant in crosses with the susceptible parent and was found to be controlled by additive interactions of Lr34 with at least two to three additional genes. Transgressive segregation giving rise to plants or lines with higher and lower levels of resistance than the parents was observed in all F-2 and F-5 derivatives of the resistant-parent intercrosses and suggested that, apart from Lr34, some of the other additive genes were nonallelic. Although specific combining ability was significant in some generations, general combining ability was found to be the major component of variation. Among generations, the estimates of the narrow-sense heritability of adult-plant resistance to leaf rust ranged from 0.67 to 0.97.

publication date

  • 2003
  • 2003
  • 2003