Genotypic variation in nitrogen use efficiency in medium- and long-duration rice uri icon

abstract

  • A field experiment was conducted in the dry season at Los Banos, Philippines, to assess the differences in grain yield and N utilization of 10 medium-duration (119+/-4 days after seeding [DAS]) genotypes and 10 long-duration (130+/-4 DAS) ones with varying acquisition and usage of soil and fertilizer N. Significant differences among genotypes were observed in grain yield and N uptake, efficiency and partitioning parameters (physiological N use efficiency [PNUE], agronomic N use efficiency [ANUE], apparent recovery [AR], partial factor productivity of applied N [PFPN], N productivity index [NPI], and N harvest index [NHI]), The N-efficient genotypes that produced high grain yield at both low and high levels of N were IR54790-B-B-38, BG380-2, BG90-2 (medium-duration), and IR3932-182-2-3-3-2, IR54853-B-B-318, and IR29723-88-2-3-3 (long-duration). Inefficient genotypes that produced low yields at low N levels but responded well to N application were IR58125-B-B-42, IR49457-33-1-2-2-2, and BG34-8 (medium-duration), and IR8192-200-3-3-1-1, IR21848-65-3-2-2, and PR106 (long-duration). IR20 (medium) and Palawan (long-duration) were N-inferior genotypes giving low yields at both low and high N levels. Increase in grain yield was highly correlated with N uptake (r*=0.75**). The grain yield-N uptake relationship for individual genotypes indicated significant differences in slope and in the yield obtained with soil N (GY(o)). Differences in GYo were due to genotypic variation in N uptake and efficiency of use. NHI was related to both N uptake and use efficiency. NPI, which integrated both GYo and PNUE, provided a better ranking of genotypes, The performance of efficient and inefficient genotypes over a range of soil and fertilizer N supply was consistent over three seasons of trials. (C) 1998 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

publication date

  • 1998
  • 1998
  • 1998